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smallpox scarlet fever cholera


these came with the earliest arrivals

once ashore

raced ahead


Susquehannock Munsee

Erie Iroquois

Seneca Oneida

Shawnee Delaware

Lenape Mohawk


after the emptying

before the Revolution

my ancestors arrived

in vacant Pennsylvania

land deeded by the colony

no mention of vanished natives


Carl Boekmann painted “The Battle of Killdeer Mountain” in 1910, forty-six

years after the slaughter. He painted from descriptions in soldiers’

journals. Under impossible blue skies, blue-coated soldiers advance in a

massive line, firing and firing and firing on a distant village of tipis. There

is little resistance. The tipis are unaware. The journals claimed it was

scouts who shot the women and children. Homage to blood lust for land,

for Montana’s gold fields.

It foreshadows Wounded Knee.

Poem: CHARLES PATTERSON CURRY is a retired consultant, teacher, business owner, and financial officer in the Community of Christ, as well as a poet. His work has appeared inCommunity of Christ Herald, Minnesota Zoo Tracks,, and the Konundrum Engine Literary Review.

Art: GEORGE MORRISON (1919–2000) was an American painter. A member of the Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, he grew up in northern Minnesota and studied at the Minneapolis School of Art and the Art Students League in New York. A Fulbright scholarship brought him to Paris, where he became part of the Abstract Expressionist movement. He taught at Rhode Island School of Design, then returned to his home state to teach studio arts at the University of Minnesota. In 1983 Morrison retired to Grand Portage, where he created art in his studio known as Red Rock.


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